This note aims to provide guidance to senior national and international leadership to assist with decisions on when and why an RPBA is required and what type of process is best suited to a given context; assessment teams conducting RPBAs; and, all concerned national and international partners mandated to respond to the recovery and peacebuilding requirements identified in an inclusive, coherent, and effective manner. This note presents a revised methodology to conduct recovery and peacebuilding assessments (RPBAs) based on lessons learned from the 2015 review and subsequent discussions with key partners and practitioners. This note is presented in three parts. First part gives introduction, the second part presents an overview of the basics of an RPBA, including what an RPBA is, what it looks like, the main elements of a recommended RPBA process, and practical guidance on how to conduct an RPBA. The third section presents specific guidance on promoting national ownership and leadership, and ensuring complementarity with other relevant assessment processes.